If we talk about change what change have you seen in the environment from last many years? The long lasting change has only been the accumulation and fragmentation of plastics. The use of plastics is increasing day by day and so its waste. Soon the world will become a dumping ground of plastic.
Plastics are long lived products with services over decades and so is their waste. They persist for centuries. The overall production and disposal contribute an array of environmental problems, such as:
• It hampers the marine life with all the harmful chemicals
• If absorbed by the human bodies they can even alter human hormones delivering many harmful effects.
• Plastics can survive for thousands of years floating in water disturbing natural habitats.
• If buried in the landfills it can spread harmful chemicals into the ground water.
It is still a fact unpopular in individual minds that they are exposed to plastic chemicals multiple times in a day to day life through air they breathe, water they drink, food they eat, dust they bear and in all consumer products in which the thing is used for packaging.
There is this chemical called phthalates used as plasticizers and is found in all your vinyl flooring and wall coverings, food packaging and various medical devices. One cannot avoid itself from phthalate content levels that have made its space in the human body. Same is the case with BPA found in polycarbonate bottles and food and beverage cans.
Plastic is not just limited to human body but the thing is littering the environment with very common ingestion of plastic fragments. A plastic can clog an animal’s stomach poisoning it with chemicals that were concentrated in plastic. According to a report more than 100 species have been discovered with ingest plastic debris including birds, fish, cow, etc.
There is an immediate need to level the effects of plastic pollution to prevent the future of environment. The only solution is to reuse it as far as possible rather disposing and dumping it. It is essential to increase recycling facility and making the whole process easier to make it widely acceptable.
The use of bio degradable plastics can solve number of waste management issues. If the measures would have been taken some years back, the development of chemicals recognized as endocrine disruptors could have been still prevented.